Paradise lost

The first human couple lived in the Garden of Eden. The Qur’an speaks of Adam and his wife. The Bible talks in the abstract about the man, who was later joined in Eden by the woman created from his rib. In this garden of paradise, they were allowed to enjoy the abundance. But the fruit of one tree was forbidden in both books. In the Bible, it was the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; in the Qur’an, it represented transgression.
Both books relate how the man and the woman ate from the tree. They were seduced to that deed of disobedience by a snake (Bible), by Satan (Qur’an). Thus, they lost paradise.
In the Bible, it was the woman who committed the first sin. The couple was driven from the garden of Eden. Angels with a flaming sword stood on guard by its forever closed gate. From then on man was burdened by sin.

This is the source of the Christian concept of original sin with which every human being comes into the world. Redemption is brought by Jesus Christ; sin is washed away in baptism.

In the Qur’an, the human couple committed injustice together. Together, they repented. They were both forgiven. Thus, the children of men and women are born without knowledge of sin, expressed as follows:

It is He Who brought you forth from the wombs of your mothers when you knew nothing; 16 The Bee, 78

In the Qur’an Adam and his wife also had to leave paradise, to make a living on earth, and return to it after death. However, by living a good life on earth, they might be resurrected and return to the paradisiacal the Garden of Eden, as becomes especially clear in the translation of Dawood.


The Garden of Eden
The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed. And out of the ground the LORD God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil…. a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it…became four riverheads. Genesis 2: 8-10

Forbidden fruit
Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat;  But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” Genesis 2: 15-17

The snake seduces the woman
Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’” Then the serpent said unto the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God (as gods, kjv) knowing good and evil.”  So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. Genesis 3: 1-6

Shame and nakedness
Then the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings (aprons KJV).  And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.  Then the LORD God called to Adam and said to him, “Where are you?” Genesis 3: 7-9

 Blaming the other

So he (Adam ed.) said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.” And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?” Then the man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.”  And the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived (beguiled kjv) me, and I ate. Genesis 3: 10-13


Driven out of Eden
So He drove out the man; and He placed cherubim at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life. Genesis 3:24

Sin and suffering
To the woman He said: “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; In pain you shall bring forth children; Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.   Then to Adam He said, “Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’: “cursed is the ground for your sake; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life; Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth… In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground…   For dust you are, and to dust you shall return.” Genesis 3: 16-19   Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity; And in sin my mother conceived me. Psalm 51: 5

Life in Christ

For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. (Paul to the) 1 Corinthians 15: 22 For as by one man’s disobedience (Adam ed.) many were made sinners, so also by one (Jesus’ ed.) Man’s obedience many will be made righteous. Romans 5: 19


Adam and wife in the garden
We said: “O Adam! You and your wife dwell in the Garden; and eat of the bountiful things therein as…you will…” 2 The Heifer,35
…Gardens of Eternity, beneath which rivers flow…
98 The Clear Evidence, 8
”O Adam! You and your wife dwell in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as you wish… ” 7 The Heights,19
Tree of transgression
…but do not approach this tree, or you run into harm and transgression.” 2 The Heifer, 35
…but do not approach this tree, or you run into harm and transgression.” 7 The Heights,19

Satan seduces man and wife

Then We said: “O Adam! verily, this is an enemy to you and your wife: so let him not get you both out of the Garden, so that you are landed in misery. 20 Ta-Ha Mystic Letters, 117
But Satan whispered evil to him: he said: “O Adam! shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?”
20 Ta-Ha Mystic Letters,117; 120
Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said: “Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest you should become angels or such beings as live forever.” 7 The Heights, 20
In the result, they both ate of the tree…20 Ta-Ha Mystic Letters,121
Shame and nakedness
In the result, they both ate of the tree, and so their nakedness appeared to them: they began to sew together, for their covering, leaves from the Garden: thus Adam disobeyed his Lord and allowed himself to be seduced.
20 Ta Ha Mystic Letters,121
Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: “Get you down, all (you people), with enmity between yourselves.
2 The Heifer, 36

They both repent

…And their Lord called to them: “Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy to you?”
They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If You do not forgive us and do not bestow on us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be lost.” 7 The Heights, 22-23
Then Adam learnt from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
2 The Heifer, 37
But his Lord chose him (for His Grace): He turned to him and gave him guidance. 20 Ta-Ha Mystic Letters,122
Paradise Lost
…We said: “Get you down, all (you people)…. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood for a time.”
2 The Heifer, 36
Another chance
We said: “Get you down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.2 The Heifer, 38
And Allah has produced you from the earth growing (gradually), and in the End, He will return you into the (earth) and raise you forth (again at the Resurrection).
71 Noah, 17-18
…Allah beckons by His Grace to the Gardens (of Bliss) and forgiveness… 2 The Heifer 221
…for the Righteous, is a beautiful place of (final) Return – Gardens of Eternity, whose doors will (ever) be open to them… therein can they call… for fruit in abundance…
38 Saad, 49-51
For such the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath – an eternal dwelling…3 ‘Imran,136

Return to Eden

…Gardens…in which they shall abide forever: goodly mansions in the gardens of Eden…9 Repentance, 72 (Dawood)
But those who repent…and do what is right shall enter paradise …the gardens of Eden…19 Mary, 61 (Dawood)